David Lloyd
Professor – Griffith University

Professor David Lloyd is a mechanical engineer, with a PhD in biomechanical engineering, and post-doctoral training in neurophysiology. He is Chair of the Gold Coast Orthopaedic Research, Engineering and Education Alliance in the Menzies Health Institute Queensland at Griffith University, Queensland, Australia. David has a long distinguished career in biomechanical engineering and an elected Fellow of the International Society of Biomechanics. He has published over 200 journal articles and has been awarded in-excess of 70 grants worth >$23M. He is an international leader in development of computational neuromusculoskeletal modelling, using a combination of physics-based modelling and AI. David applies these technologies to understand both normal and pathological movement, and to develop biomedical devices and software to prevent and manage various neuromusculoskeletal conditions, including cerebral palsy and spinal cord injury.

Panel Discussion and Q&A
Neuroplasticity; frontiers in repair and recovery

Short Abstract
The brain and nervous system (CNS) can repair or use different neural pathways (i.e. neuroplasticity) if the patient performs desired rehabilitation movements coupled with appropriate and consistent muscle excitation (e.g. functional electrical stimulation) and afferent biofeedback. This integrated movement assistance, muscle excitation and/or afferent biofeedback rehabilitation must be regularly undertaken in intensive and highly repetitive fashion. We proposed that this rehabilitation is achieved via innovative and personalised biomedical devices that adapt and cooperate with the patient, which is enabled by personalised digital twins of the patient.